What is Data Independence?

What is Data Independence?

Data independence means that data and application programs are separate from each other. Physical implementation of data is hidden from application program. DBMS lies between the application program and database.

 

 

Inspection ReadingInspection Reading
As mentioned above, this type of reading is applicable in a number of situations. For example, in a store you need to quickly assess the feasibility of buying a particular book, quickly grasp the essence of a long report, keep abreast of the latest developments in your area of interest, and so on. In any case, what is required from you is not a deep immersion in the text, but a quick capture and assessment of the information you need. To do this, you need to do the following.

If you do not know how to apply an analytical way of reading, no book – even the most useful and necessary – can give you everything that the author has laid down in it. Let’s take a look at how to get the most out of what we read.

Find out a little more about the author and his other works
A simple inquiry into the identity of the author can in many ways clarify the motives and characteristics of his work. Agree that a book on financial success will be much more credible if it is written by a practicing entrepreneur rather than a bankrupt loser. Or,

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